China claims diplomatic victories in easing tensions with India and Japan

Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe addresses the 69th United Nations General Assembly at United Nations Headquarters in New York, September 25, 2014

Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe addresses the 69th United Nations General Assembly at United Nations Headquarters in New York, September 25, 2014

According to a popular Chinese article, China is certain to fight six wars in the coming five decades with seven of its neighbours: Russia, Taiwan, Japan, India, Mongolia, Vietnam and the Philippines.

Russia is China’s close ally. As for the border issue that may give rise to a war according to the article, China and Russia have concluded a treaty to clearly set the border between the two countries long ago.

Tension has eased with Vietnam after a Vietnamese high official’s visit to China.

The greatest issues are the tension with two Asian powers India and Japan.

Recently, India received Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit with great enthusiasm, but many analysts believe that China’s rise constitutes to be a threat to India, especially when the border disputes between the two countries have not been resolved.

True enough, while Xi was in India, there was quite sensational news on the standoff between Chinese and Indian border troops. However, China and India are wise to have resolved the problem.

Current Chinese leaders, however, seek China’s peaceful rise. If they really want peaceful rise, they have to ease the tension between China and its neighbours.

According to The Times of India’s report on Sep. 26, the Indian foreign minister said in New York that the two countries had resolved the issue, and their border troops would retreat by Sep. 30.

Like Chinese leaders, India’s new Prime Minister Modi is wise. He knows that he cannot stop China’s rise, but he can run India satisfactorily to enable it to rise as tremendously as China. When India has grown strong, it needs not be afraid of China’s rise.

Therefore, instead of inventing some trick to contain China, he is trying his best to have the best possible relations with China, in order to get the best possible assistance and funding from China for India’s rise.

He is clearly aware that Russia and China’s Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to India’s north, Pakistan’s close alliance with China and potential SCO membership may constitute a threat to India, but is wise to strengthen India’s ties with Japan to use Japan as a counterweight.

The US is trying hard to win him over, but he has reservations. Since the US turned China to the Russian side, there has been great change in the Asian geopolitical situation. The Russian-Chinese alliance, plus the SCO and Chinese-Pakistani alliance, have become quite a strong united front in challenging the US. He knows that he should not be too close to the US to incur the enmity of the strong united front of those neighbours.

Xi Jinping’s Indian visit proves a diplomatic victory to achieve China’s goal, but it is not a unilateral victory. It is a win-win outcome, in which both China and India have attained their goals to become winners.

Japanese politicians are mostly wise. When the US was containing China, Japan dared not establish diplomatic relations with China, knowing well the great economic benefit such relations may bring. Soon after US President Nixon’s China visit, the then Japanese prime minister hurriedly visited China to establish diplomatic relations.

Seeing the US failure to contain China with its pivot to Asia, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wants to make concessions to improve relations with China. He uses as an excuse Japan’s desire to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council. China is a permanent Security Council member that opposes Japan’s membership most strongly.

He had his press conference on improving relations with China broadcast live in Tokyo in order to win Japanese popular support for his move.

That is a clear sign of the looming of Chinese victory in dealing with its relations with Japan.

Will that also be a win-win outcome? I believe so, as Japan will get huge gains if China succeeds in its new round of economic reform to further liberate the Chinese economy.

Now, the leaders of the four Asian powers Russia, China, Japan and India are all wise. It is very interesting to watch their tricks in outwitting one another.

The following is the full text of Reuters report on Abe seeking better ties with China:

Japan PM Abe says seeks better ties with China, South Korea, Russia

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said he wants to improve relations with China, South Korea and Russia, while acknowledging difficulties facing ties with his country’s Asia-Pacific neighbours.

“Quiet efforts are needed” if Abe is to achieve his goal of meeting Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of a November Pacific Rim meeting in Beijing, Abe told a news conference in New York on Thursday evening.

The news conference was broadcast live in Tokyo.

Abe, who came to office in December 2012, visited all the leaders of Southeast Asia in his first year, but he has not been able to meet bilaterally with the leaders of China or South Korea, countries angered by territorial disputes with Japan and Abe’s approach to Japan’s wartime past.

He has met Russia’s President Vladimir Putin five times, but ties have recently been strained as Moscow annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region and pro-Russian rebels fought Ukrainian forces in eastern Ukraine.

Source: “Indian Foreign Minister says China and India will cease border standoff and begin withdrawing their troops immediately” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
Source: Reuters “Japan PM Abe says seeks better ties with China, South Korea, Russia”


Categories: Politics & Law

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5 replies


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